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    Locomotive fleet consists of a collection of soviet-made locomotives 2TE10L, 2TE10U, 2M62U also have a number of locomotives made in China. Shunting locomotives include Soviet-made TEM2, TEM2U, CME3. Currently beneath development railway Kazakhstan-Turkmenistan-Iran and Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Tajikistan. During World War II, Soviet authorities established the Muslim Spiritual Board of Transcaucasia in Baku because the governing body of Islam within the Caucasus, in effect reviving the nineteenth-century tsarist Muslim Ecclesiastical Board. During the tenures of Leonid Brezhnev and Mikhail Gorbachev, Moscow encouraged Muslim spiritual leaders in Azerbaijan to go to and host overseas Muslim leaders, with the objective of advertising the freedom of faith and superior dwelling conditions reportedly loved by Muslims underneath Soviet communism.

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    It is situated between the Karakum Desert and the Kopet Dag mountain vary in Central Asia. Turkmenistan’s position deep inside Asia and the character of its reduction are liable for a strongly continental climate, which displays great fluctuations in temperatures during the day and the year. The common annual temperature is 57–sixty one °F (14–16 °C), however this determine masks an extremely wide selection. The temperature seldom falls below ninety five °F (35 °C) throughout summer season days, and absolutely the most high temperature within the southeast Karakum reaches 122 °F (50 °C) in the shade. By distinction, in winter the temperature in Serhetabat, within the excessive south on the border with Afghanistan, drops to −27 °F (−33 °C).

    The Middle East is very diverse in terms of religions, many of which originated there. Islam is the largest religion in the Middle East, but other faiths that originated there, such as Judaism and Christianity, are additionally properly represented. Christians represent forty.5% of Lebanon, the place the Lebanese president, half of the cupboard, and half of the parliament follow one of the various Lebanese Christian rites.

    “Sister Cities Delegation to visit Ashgabat from Albuquerque, New Mexico.” U.S. Embassy in Turkmenistan web site. After exiting the Soviet Union, the city gained many excessive-rise residential buildings. Modern building techniques permit high-rise development (mainly 12 storeys) with comparatively good protection against earthquakes.

    Throughout its history the Middle East has been a major center of world affairs; a strategically, economically, politically, culturally, and religiously delicate space. The Turkmen largely survived unaffected by the Mongol period because of their semi-nomadic life-style and have become merchants alongside the Caspian, which led to contacts with Eastern Europe. Following the decline of the Mongols, Tamerlane conquered the world and his Timurid Empire would rule, till it too fractured, because the Safavids, Khanate of Bukhara, and Khanate of Khiva all contested the realm. The expanding Russian Empire took notice of Turkmenistan’s intensive cotton business, through the reign of Peter the Great, and invaded the area.

    Major initiatives similar to Turkmenistan Tower, Bagt köşgi, Alem Cultural and Entertainment Center have reworked the country’s skyline and promotes its modern identification. The tourism trade has been rising rapidly lately, particularly medical tourism.

    Ethnic and shamanic religions, Paganism and Tengrism

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    The type of desertification attributable to 12 months-round pasturing of cattle has been termed essentially the most devastating in Central Asia, with the gravest situations in Turkmenistan and the Kazakh steppe alongside the eastern and northern coasts of the Caspian Sea. Wind erosion and desertification are also severe in settled areas along the Garagum Canal; planted windbreaks have died because of soil waterlogging and/or salinization. Other factors promoting desertification are the inadequacy of the collector-drainage system built within the Nineteen Fifties and inappropriate software of chemicals. Almost 80% of the territory of Turkmenistan lacks a relentless source of floor water circulate.

    A priest resident in Ashgabat leads the Orthodox Church within the nation, serving beneath the spiritual jurisdiction of the Russian Orthodox Archbishop in Tashkent, Uzbekistan. There are not any Russian Orthodox seminaries. ) is a sovereign nation in Central Asia, bordered by Kazakhstan to the northwest, Uzbekistan to the north and east, Afghanistan to the southeast, Iran to the south and southwest, and the Caspian Sea to the west.

    Ashgabat is the capital and largest city of the nation. The inhabitants of the nation is 5.6 million, the lowest of the Central Asian republics.

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    New religious and religious actions

    A a part of Persia until the Battle of Geok Tepe, Askhabad was ceded to the Russian Empire beneath the phrases of the Akhal Treaty. Russia developed the world because it was near the border of British-influenced Persia, and the inhabitants grew from 2,500 in 1881 to 19,428 (of whom one third had been Persian) in 1897.[10] It was regarded as a pleasing city with European type buildings, outlets, and motels. In 1908, the primary Bahá’í House of Worship was in-built Askhabat.

    Women’s authorized rights and government representation

    A very small community of ethnic Germans, most of whom live in and around the metropolis of Serakhs, reportedly included practicing Lutherans. Approximately one thousand ethnic Poles reside within the country; they’ve been largely absorbed into the Russian community and consider themselves Russian Orthodox. The Catholic neighborhood in Ashgabat, which included both citizens and foreigners, met within the chapel of the Apostolic Nunciature. There had been some foreign missionaries, though the extent of their actions was unknown. The lone heart of conservative Shia Islam, was the city of Nardaran, 25 kilometers northeast of central Baku, and was renowned for its thirteenth-century Shia shrine.

    “В Азербайджане запрещают различные представления в дни Ашура (Azerbaijan will forbid various representations in the turkmenistan singles days of Ashura)” (in Russian). “The politicization of Islam in Azerbaijan”.

    Territories and areas often thought-about within the Middle East

    They have been supplanted in some half by the rising affect of the United States from the Seventies onwards. “UNHCR Begins Compiling Database of Refugees in Turkmenistan”. Pakistan, During the Soviet–Afghan struggle, Some Turkmen fled the country and settled in neighboring Pakistan. Today a small inhabitants of Turkmen reside in Pakistan primarily in Peshawar metropolis.

    From 1925 to 1991 Turkmenistan was the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic, a constituent (union) republic of the Soviet Union; it declared independence on October 27, 1991. The capital is Ashgabat (Ashkhabad), which lies near the southern border with Iran. Turkmenistan is a landlocked nation in Central Asia, bordering the Caspian Sea to the west, Iran and Afghanistan to the south, Uzbekistan to the north-east, and Kazakhstan to the north-west. It is the southernmost republic of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the free federation created on the finish of 1991 by a lot of the Post-Soviet states. “В России seventy four% православных и 7% мусульман” [In Russia, 74% are Orthodox and seven% Muslims] (in Russian).

    This article was written by sangwan